What is the Meaning & Definition of Aboriginal

What is original of the place in which you live

It is said that something or someone is Aboriginal when necessary and is a native of the place in which it lives, then, in addition to referring to a person who belongs to an Aboriginal tribe, the term may refer also to an animal or a plant.

Originating in a territory inhabitant

In the case that the word refer to an individual, popularly, people used to account for the primitive and original inhabitant of a territory, meanwhile, that the same as such it will differ not only in origin but also in terms of customs and traditions with those who subsequently settled in the region in question.
Then, the Aboriginal word used recursively as a synonym for the term indigenous; in its strict and specific sense, the indigenous will be person who belongs to a particular ethnic group that holds and preserves its own non-European traditional culture. Almost all native or indigenous people are part of an organizational tradition much older at the birth of the modern State.
For example, referred to the American aborigines, as Indians, denomination that resulted after the confusion with which the Spanish colonizers came to America; It is worth remembering that actually when Cristóbal Colon arrived to America and discovered the new continent, he believed that he had come to India which was the purpose of your travel. The misunderstanding was resolved, however, the denomination spread then, why today is using it in that sense.

The most relevant aborigines of America

America began populated about twenty-five thousand years ago and residents arrived from Asia and Oceania. The constant waves made that stocks were moving up the continent inhabited by full.
On the American continent lived very different cultures and there were Aboriginal peoples showed a splendor and one breakthrough fantastic at almost all levels of life, economic, political, social, cultural, artistic, among others.
Mayans, Incas and Aztecs, no doubt, were the most prominent indigenous peoples.
An almost obligatory question that almost all native or indigenous people of planet Earth have suffered is that they should give in to the new culture that came to their territories, either by assimilation, submission, violence or a combination of all these aspects.

A long history of violence and ill-treatment

The colonization of the Americas, is precisely one of the events is more associated to abuse and violence against native peoples because it is necessary to emphasize that these peoples were on peace by settlers but they found no more than deception and abuse. Many conquerors reduced to slavery to aborigines and dedicated them to carry out forced labour. This whole situation was denounced on several occasions, however, its eradication cost a lot and of course along the way took many lives.
Even the institution of the encomienda, so widespread in America following the discovery and that it implied that a group of individuals retribuyesen to another job with the enjoyment of a good or a benefit obtained, was used by many settlers as a means of veiled slavery.
In addition and in close relation to the above, the aborigines, are representatives of a culture that was wildly discriminated and persecuted by Europeans, even beyond the Spanish conquest of America. Abridged their rights and forced to abandon their traditions, Aboriginal spent many centuries in the background. These days there is a consciousness that promotes a different state of affairs and that calls for recognition of their rights and dwell in their land with their habits. A sample of the progress that has occurred in this sense the world is that a native of Bolivia, Evo Morales, has come to become the President of his country, something unthinkable decades ago and that obviously tells us the improvement there has been in this regard.

The tragedy of the Qom in Argentina

Now, referred to these conquests and progress we must also say that not all Aboriginal communities today live a panacea much less. We only have to look at the Argentina ethnic Qom to know that this is not the case and that there is still much discrimination towards Aboriginal.
In the 16th century about the Qom settled in the northern area of the Argentina, occupying the current provinces of Chaco, Salta, Santiago del Estero and Formosa. The apathy of the Governments of these places sentenced them to live miserably in their original areas and fight today for hectares that the Formosa Government removed them and does not want to recognize them as their own.
They have been months camping and gathering support in Buenos Aires Avenue 9 de Julio waiting that the authorities give them any solution to their plight.
Different studies indicate that currently there are 350 million indigenous people worldwide and although even though many communities assimilated many of the customs of the Western culture, others, keep their original characteristics. They are approximately 5 thousand peoples who maintain their linguistic and cultural particularities.