What is the Meaning & Definition of New Guinea

Also known as Papua, New Guinea is a large island located in the Pacific Ocean, just north of Australia. He is considered that this is one of the largest islands of the planet along with Greenland and Australia. Its surface reaches nearly the eight hundred thousand square kilometers, while its population is just over seven million inhabitants. New Guinea is divided into three main regions, each with its own capital city. The Western region includes the smaller portion of the territory, with Manokwari city as capital. The part known as Papua, central has in Jayapura to its capital city and the eastern region or Papua New Guinea is the largest of the three, forming an independent country since the year 1975. Its capital is Port Moresby, located to the South of the island and inhabited by around two hundred and fifty thousand inhabitants.
The history of the island of New Guinea is very rich and interesting. Since this region of the planet remained for a long time unknown to the European man was not until the 16th century that the first European travelers arrived there. Until that time, the island remained inhabited by natives organized in different and varied tribes. These tribes of different origin can have inhabited the island since time immemorial so as sixty thousand years ago. It is believed that many of them still remain in remote places of the Islands on which the white man has not ventured invasively.
Throughout the 19th century, the presence of the European man would feel stronger and at the end of it, the current territory of the island would be divided between three Nations: Netherlands (who controlled the western section), Germany (northeastern part) and Great Britain (the Southeast).
One of the most distinctive and beautiful the island is its biodiversity, as well as also its climate and geography. The island is bisected by a major mountain chain that reaches nearly five thousand meter peaks. In addition, the Sepik, Mamberamo, Fly and Digul rivers allow that the island is inhabited by connecting all its regions. This island's climate is tropical, which means that it is a vast and colorful diversity of plants and vegetables, many of them endemic, as species of birds (more than 650), amphibians, marsupials, kangaroos and beautiful insects.