What is the Meaning & Definition of novel

A literary work in prose of some length that has more or less fictional events is commonly known as novel. The extension differentiates it from the story, the fictional character the difference from other genres, such as for example, the trial, and finally, his writing in prose opposes it stories rhyming like poetry. A formal feature of the novels that allows to distinguish it from other related genera is its division of chapters more or less independent, giving rise to a definite and inseparable chronology. There are various types of novels, since they can be humorous, autobiographical and epistolary (that tell a story through correspondence), customs, serials and many others. In addition, the novel can be classified into genres and subgenres as the dramatic, romantic, detective, science fiction, historical, horror. Many works are difficult cataloging in one or another category, given that these limits are only a way to facilitate the classification purposes librarians or storage.
When we talk about the history of the novel, we go back to antiquity, where there were stories of this type in Greece with Homer and Virgil Rome, for example. The middle ages would see the emergence of the novels and chivalrous novels. Until then, most of the novels was preserved through oral tradition or thanks to the work of the copyists, in general priests, who were among the few people who could write manually. The 16th century, with the creation of the printing press, would begin to lay the groundwork for the modern novel, in which the exponent is "Don Quixote de la Mancha" by Miguel de Cervantes.
In the following centuries would appear the adventures, realistic novels, sentimental and customs. And thus also emerge great authors of novels such as Guy de Maupassant, Gustave Flaubert, Charles Dickens, Fédor Dostoïevski, Julio Verne and others. In the 20th century the novel suffers other enormous experimental transformations that make it evolve to new forms and styles. A clear example of this avant-garde novel is James Joyce's "Ulysses" or "The metamorphosis of Franz Kafka". This also occurs in Latin America, without doubt, one of the pillars of the evolution of the modern novel in the 20th century, with the emergence of novelists such as Gabriel García Márquez, Mario Vargas Llosa and Julio Cortázar, among others.
All novels have also been adapted to the big screen giving light to great classics of cinema, as happened, for example, with "A Clockwork Orange", adaptation of a work by Anthony Burgess filmmaker Stanley Kubrick. Similarly, the growth of the Internet resulted in the creation of new resources for the access to the novels, as it is the case with eBooks and PDF document formats.
On the other hand, globalization has allowed the arrival to the Western cultural world of texts produced by artists from other cultures, which include novels of a format that find us traditional and also literary genres in which novelistic prose and poetry seem to be confused in a way that seems in general atypical. It is what happens to many novels of Chinese or Indian authors, as well as the increasing spread of modern Japanese literature.
The novel is therefore a particular literary genre, given that its accessibility makes it an optimal resource for the spread of culture and entertainment. It is interesting to note that the cost of the resources needed for the production of a novel (in terms of printing) and the current alternative to publication in non-tangible media has allowed an increase in the number of writers and readers, given that many authors are turning to the dissemination of their content through digital portals. Despite the existence of alternative means of payment, such as donations or advertising partners, one of the obstacles of the modern authors of novels involves risk of hacking and, with it, lower levels of income.