What is the Meaning & Definition of Oda

The oda concept is part of the terminology of literature and specifically one of its poetic genres, lyrical genre. An ode is a composition in verse, whose main characteristic is the tone of praise or exaltation that is engaged to extol a character or idea. It's a genre in which the subjectivity of the poet expresses a feeling of admiration and devotion. You could say that the ODE is as a tribute in the form of verse.

Driven in the ancient Greece by the poet Pindar

Like the majority of literary expressions, the oda appeared in the context of the classical world, specifically in the ancient Greece, being its main predecessor poet Pindar. This type of poems began staging with a musical accompaniment (with a voice and a musical instrument as the lira or in the form of choir). A more lyrical tone was achieved with the musical resource.

Characteristics of the Odes

In its classical version this genre is presented in regular stanzas and with various rhymes. The chosen theme is related to some historical event (the victory of an athlete in an Olympic Games or the exploits of a famous warrior), although it can also refer to the exaltation of love, a virtue or a feeling of fullness.
Throughout the history of literature, Ode has been employed by the Latin poet Horacio and, later, by a whole series of famous poets: Garcilaso de la Vega, Petrarca, Fray Luis de León, or Federico García Lorca. In the twentieth century the Chilean writer Pablo Neruda cultivated this genre with a new dimension, because the Odes are dedicated to things more simple and nearby (in his work "Elemental Odes" exalted onion, wine or the city of Valparaiso).

Ode to joy

We have already mentioned that originally the ODE was accompanied by music. This merger occurred again in the XVlll century when Beethoven gave musical form to the 'Ode to Joy' from the German poet Schiller. This piece of music is known as the Ninth Symphony and is the official anthem of the European Union.
While the musical Symphony is the most well known and popular, it must not forget that their origin and inspiration are in the Schiller Ode. In this poem exalts liberty as a path that leads to joy. He wrote in the historical context of the French Revolution, an event that was very suggestive for a romantic poet as Schiller.